Water heater manufacturers appear to be well-prepared for new energy-efficiency rules from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that will take effect on April 16. However, many plumbing contractors, designers and engineers are still assessing how the new requirements will affect the replacement, remodeling and new construction markets. “Contracting firms will need to get their Read more
2015 February – March
Water heater manufacturers appear to be well-prepared for new energy-efficiency rules from the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE) that will take effect on April 16. However, many plumbing contractors, designers and engineers are still assessing how the new requirements will affect the replacement, remodeling and new construction markets.
“Contracting firms will need to get their employees up to speed on the new technologies,” said Chad Sanborn, product marketing manager, Bradford White, in an interview with Perspective Media. “Training on the new products will be critical, as well as education on the details and reason for the change.”
Leading manufacturers like Bradford White, Rheem and A.O. Smith have been developing new models and platforms for several years in preparation for the new standards incorporated in the National Appliance Energy Conservation Act (NAECA). “Along with launching a new product line, we have also been educating customers and consumers in order to make this transition as smooth as possible,” said Stacey Gearhart, director of product and channel marketing for Rheem’s Water Heating Division, in a recent interview. “Our industry is absolutely ready for April 16.”
The new DOE rules mandate higher energy factor (EF) ratings on virtually all residential water heating products, including gas-fired, oil-fired, electric, tabletop, instantaneous gas-fired and instantaneous electric.
While all affected models will see an increase in the EF requirement, the most dramatic changes are in larger capacity models (see accompanying chart). That’s because the only technologies that meet the EF requirements over 55 gallons are electric heat pump water heaters and high-efficiency condensing gas water heaters.
The DOE estimates that the new 2015 standards will result in approximately $63 billion in energy bill savings for products shipped from 2015-2044. The standard will avoid about 172.5 million metric tons of carbon dioxide emissions, equivalent to the annual greenhouse gas emissions of about 33.8 million automobiles.
“Homeowners will have a lot to gain from the new NAECA guidelines with some saving as much as $365 per year in energy bills,” said Sanborn. “On the other hand, a new type of water heater may need to be considered in order to meet the NAECA guidelines.”
While the operating cost of the new water heaters will be less because of their increased energy efficiency, the homeowner’s maintenance costs may be affected by other factors, such as the integration of electronics, blowers, fans, condensers, or other components.
Another potential drawback is that a new water heater is likely to have lower hot water deliverability than prior models. “For example, a model with less input may be required to achieve the higher efficiency, which will ultimately result in less hot water delivered,” Sanborn said.
On the positive side, homeowners the energy savings from the new technology can help offset some of the product and installation costs. Also, some platforms, such as electric heat pump water heaters, may provide supplemental cooling and dehumidification benefits to the owner.
Design and installation issues
While residential consumers will be happy about the prospective cost savings with the energy-efficient technology, plumbing designers and contractors need to consider other issues associated with the changeover. For example, achieving a higher EF rating often means adding more insulation to the tank, making it larger and thicker. In addition, more insulation may be required for piping and fittings.
Therefore, a post-April 2015 water heater may be larger than the current model and require more space for a replacement or a new installation. “In some rare cases, water heaters may have to be moved to another location if their new sizes cannot be accommodated within the current space,” noted Sanborn.
In other cases, multiple tanks might be necessary to deliver an sufficient supply of hot water to the homeowner, added Gearhart.
Another installation issue is that condensing gas water heaters are usually significantly heavier than standard models. They may also require flue dampers or electronic ignition. Oil-fired products may also need extra insulation, as well as flue dampers or new combustion systems. For contractors, that means many installations that were once a one-person job may now require two people. Service trucks may also need to change to accommodate transporting the taller, wider and heavier equipment.”
Because gas water heaters also have electronic control systems and require 120-volt service, contractors may need to purchase multi-meters for smooth installations as well as trouble-shooting. They may also need to price in the additional time and components, including venting materials and condensate pumps when pricing new or replacement jobs.
Designers, engineers and contractors must also adjust their plans for gas-fired models to include a venting system and a drainage system for disposing of condensate. That means the prior location of a water heater may not be the best site for a new model, which typically requires a large room or a duct to an adjoining room. With electronic cycling, the new EF models are also likely to produce more noise than standard models.
The commercial market
In a prior interview, Sanford said the upcoming EF mandate will have little effect on most of the commercial market. “The change only affects water heaters with inputs of 75,000 BTU/hr or less, which are typically installed in residential applications,” he said. “However, some light duty commercial applications, such as small office buildings or small apartment complexes, will fall under this category.”
Since plumbing engineers typically specify commercially rated products on their projects, the impact will be minimal for those installations. However, some small businesses with low hot water demands use a small residential water heater to save on equipment costs.
Large apartment and condo developments will be affected by the new rules if the design calls for individual water heaters for each unit. Builders and developers of these projects will have to work with their designers and architects to make sure residences are designed with adequate space to accommodate the new platforms.
Learn the new landscape
Water heating professionals encourage contractors to learn all they can about the new product lines and the NAECA standards. “Consumers will rely on their contractors to determine how to get the largest amount of hot water for their homes,” said Gearhart. “Becoming familiar with these platforms allows you to determine the best solution for each installation, and answer your customers’ questions.”
Sanford said Bradford White has been sharing information with industry partners and customers since 2011. The manufacturer also opened an International Technical Excellence Center (iTEC ) to help educate customers and business partners about current and future products.
“Along with our manufacturers’ representatives, we have been conducting NAECA seminars for the past three plus years,” he said. During that time, the company has had NAECA information available on its website and distributed more than 100,000 brochures on the topic.
But as recently as the January 2015 AHR show in Chicago, Sanford spoke with some plumbing professionals, who said they were just starting to pay attention to the matter in detail.
Summing up the situation, Sanford said, “Be prepared! If you deal with water heaters on any level and you are not familiar with NAECA and its effect on products, then speak with your preferred manufacturer, wholesaler or professional installer. The new standards will present some challenges, but they will also present opportunities for those who are ready to help their customers through the transition.”
Were you at this year’s AHR EXPO at the McCormick Place in downtown Chicago? If not, you only missed a spectacular show that literally shattered their all-time attendance record with nearly 62,000 attendees. That’s right, 62,000. The amount of exhibitors was so massive, they had to fully use up all the floor space on both Read more
Were you at this year’s AHR EXPO at the McCormick Place in downtown Chicago? If not, you only missed a spectacular show that literally shattered their all-time attendance record with nearly 62,000 attendees. That’s right, 62,000. The amount of exhibitors was so massive, they had to fully use up all the floor space on both the north and south halls.
For three days in late January, This fully packed show had something for all professionals in the industry. Attendees could walk through approximately 480,000 square feet of exhibits, which is equivalent to at least 9 football fields. In addition, professionals had access to a bountiful supply of presentations, seminars, educational courses, and training sessions. Several courses included, The Path to Net Zero through Hydronics, Tips on Selling Radiant to Homeowners, Steam Solutions, and Fundamentals of Risk Management just to name a few.
There was great energy at the AHR EXPO with exceptional interaction between exhibitors and attendees. Over 2,000 exhibitors showcased and displayed their new and existing products and services. This Expo had it all from fans to furnaces, boilers to chillers, and even software to hardware with hands on tool testing for contractors.
Of course not everyone is able to attend with such busy schedules these days. But don’t worry, the AHR EXPO travels each year to different cities for convenience. And the 2016 AHR will come quickly to sunny Orlando, Florida at the Orange County Convention Center. Not a bad place to be come January.
So what else was there and what else did you miss? There could be so much more said but you simply had to be there. This may sound like just another AHR EXPO endorsement and in a way, yes it is. But there’s many reasons why this broke several records from expos in the past. And since a picture is worth a thousand words…….and more sometimes, we’ve included some inspirational pictures from this years show so you can decide for yourself. Perhaps this will create some excitement and buzz in anticipation for next year’s show in Orlando, Florida. Will you be there?
By Jim Hinshaw I recently had a flight to Philly and met an airline attendant that could change the face of flying. Now, I realize that some of you may wonder, what does a flight attendant have to do with my business in the plumbing industry. But I had an encounter with a flight attendant Read more
By Jim Hinshaw
I recently had a flight to Philly and met an airline attendant that could change the face of flying. Now, I realize that some of you may wonder, what does a flight attendant have to do with my business in the plumbing industry. But I had an encounter with a flight attendant on a US Airways flight that was stunning and the lesson applies to all of us as well.
My son, Mike and I were flying out of Denver on a direct flight to Philadelphia with carry-on bags only. I travel all the time so I have a good idea of what will and will not fit in the overhead bins. My bag always fits unless it’s a small commuter jet. However, this was a brand new Airbus 321. And I mean so brand new it still had the new plane smell to it just like when you buy a brand new car. Mike and I sat in seats 12C and 12D, across from each other and right where we wanted to be with both having aisle seats. For clothing I was wearing my travel uniform and an Under Armor shirt to keep warm. As we walked in, and attendant named Jeff challenged me about my baggage. He said, rather loudly and firmly, “Hay, Under Armor, put that carry on down!”, as if in demand without request. I kindly protested and said, “I know it will fit, I’ve done this many times before”. Jeff asked, “What seat are you in?” And I responded, “12C.” He said, “I’ll put it up for you.” Now, it took me a minute to understand that comment since I would never have imagined that phrase coming out of the mouth of a flight attendant. So I said, “Great, that would be just great” and handed over my bag. He then asked me if I wanted my briefcase up there next to the carryon as well! I thought, wow, It just doesn’t get any better than that.
Jeff was a middle-aged guy, but looked to be in good shape. He turned to my son and said, “where ya sitting?” Mike told him, 12D, and once again Jeff said, “I’ll put those bags up for you.” So he was not simply doing a mercy bag lift for an old guy like me, he did it for everyone, young or old. In fact, as the rest of the passengers came down the aisle, he lifted each bag up. About 200 bags or so in all. I had a chance to chat with Jeff later on because it was a 4 hour flight, and found out some things. He lives in Phoenix, and enjoys working out but isn’t able to make it to the gym like he used to. So now he works out in a way by lifting bags on each flight instead. That equates to lifting about 30 pounds approximately 200 times each flight and about 3 flights per day. That could be as much as lifting 18,000 lbs. per day. Now I am aware that lifting bags on a plane is not the same as a 150 lb barbell, but it’s still quite an exercise.
I told Jeff that if word got out, he would ruin it for flight attendants all over the world. He laughed and said not much chance because no one knows him. I told him I would do all I could to change that because he made such a positive impression on Mike and I.
So you may think this is a one in a thousand flight experiences and will never happen again, right? Mike and I flew back on United and had another encounter that was just as amazing. We got on and sat in the back of the plane this time in row 22. When the food cart came by during the flight, Mike ordered an item and I said, “I’ll pick it up.” The flight attendant responded, “Nope. It’s on me!” Another WOW moment in an already marvelous trip. And It gets even better. About 2.5 hours into our 4 hour flight, Mike and I went to the rear of the plane to use the facilities. A couple of passengers and the two flight attendants were standing there chowing down on more of the food, etc. Now when Mike and I travel, we always like to chat with the attendants to find out where they’re from and when they’re going home etc. A woman in an exercise suit asked what we wanted to eat or drink. We thought she was a flight attendant off duty or something and perhaps heading back home. Not so as she was just another passenger. The flight attendants asked us what we wanted. We replied with what we wanted and I went to pull my credit card out when they both said, “It’s on us! No charge!” Those are generous and inspirational words to hear when you are on the road. We stood back there and talked with them for about an hour. It really was a memorable trip for us. After a while, a 2 year old boy came running back being chased by his dad. We ended up playing with the boy for 10 minutes while his dad had a chocolate bar. And you guessed it, he got one for free!
Is there an application for our industry? I believe so. Let every employee know that they are in charge of customer relations for your company. They’re basically your ambassadors in a way. Anyone who has any interaction with customers are part of the sales team and contribute to the perception of the company. IT takes just one person to make someone feel good or bad about a company. After getting home, my wife asked how the trip went? I told her it was unbelievable. She asked me to clarify since unbelievable can go either way. I said it was unbelievably good. Both US Airways and United are high on my list of companies I want to do business with simply because of the actions of a few employees.
So while it may be just another install to the installation, they must make it special for every customer And I want to be clear about something. I’m not saying you have to give away your products and services, but you do have to connect with the customer and connection with them emotionally and positively. That is how business is done today. As an example, I had a horrible flight out of New York a few years ago on a small commuter jet heading back home. Except we never made it home. We ended up with a mechanical problem and landed in Philly I think. However, they would not let us off the plane as we sat there for 3 hours. Then when they did let us off, we had to go into the boarding area only and could not leave because we were going right back out. It was a horrible experience. We got back on the plane where it took 6 long hours to go the rest of the way as we at on the runway for another 2 hours. Guess which airline? The same one we flew last month. So I had made a mental decision not to fly them ever again. I can count on one hand the number of trips I have taken with them in the last 5 years actually. However, this one employee, Jeff, changed my mind completely. He made me realize that one person can make a difference both good and bad.
You see, it’s not about giving away your products and services, it’s always the extras that are so unexpected that people remember. Everyone “expects” good service from everyone today. It’s the small things, even a free soda or candy bar. The airlines weren’t in the business of selling food or free baggage lifts but in air travel sales. But it was the generosity in the baggage lifts and small food items that made the difference. Is it not worth it to give a way a soda or candy bar sometimes when passengers are spending a few hundred dollars for a flight sometimes? The cost is peanuts compared to the reward of more passengers. This same principal applies to contractors and your business as well.
One employee can connect with the consumer, and they will feel good about your company because of what that one person does. So let your employees know how valuable they are in the process of keeping customers. Because they are.
Thanks, for listening, we’ll talk later.